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nitiative is a challenge, but achievable,” she said, adding that at the heart of this challenge lies great potenti
al for innovation and creativity, such as new disaster risk prediction and analysis, and disaster-resilient infrastructures.
Huang Runqiu, vice-minister of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, said dis
aster risk reduction of natural hazards along the initiative is crucial for its success and sustainability.
Regions at the heart of the initiative, such as the Tianshan-Pamir Platea
u, the Himalayas, eastern parts of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and South Asia, are facing serio
us disaster threats due to tectonic movements, fragile ecosystems and extreme weather, he said.
Henrik Slotte, a senior disaster management expert from the UN Environm
ent Program, said poorly managed infrastructure projects can damage the ecosystem.
whose annual net income was less than 200 yuan ($30) were defined as living below the p
overty line in China in 1985. The line was raised to less than 2,300 yuan by 2011.
Second, how are policies designed to help the poorest people? Chinese policies aim to give the poor a roof over their heads, guarantee
food, clothing and basic medical services, and provide their children with nine years of compulsory education.
Funds and resources have been made available for agricultural subsidies and cheap loans to rural far
mers. Funds also went into rural revitalization, to integrate regional development and build infrast
ructure connecting villages to markets so that farmers could sell their products more easily. Villagers have been enco
uraged to be innovative, with incentives and loans for them to become self-employed and to set up micro-businesses.
Moreover, teams of officials have been traveling to faraway and isolated rural areas to help individual
s and families with individualized plans that target specific problems, such as whether there is ill
ness or disability in the household. In other words, China has not taken a “one-size-fits-all” approach for the tough cases.
the gender pay gap. Men generally are more inclined to take jobs with high work intensity and high sala
ries, such as technician or salesman, for example. Women, on the other hand, prefer jobs with average work intensity and
moderate salaries, such as administrative, operational and marketing positions. In the past two ye
ars, more and more women have taken up senior technical, senior management and other senior posts. How
ever, in most well-paid positions, the ratio of men to women is still seriously unbalanced.
In terms of industries, the engineering and manufacturing industries, including mining, smelting and chemistry, have a bigg
er gender pay gap. In the science and tech industries, such as the internet, medical care and electronic co
mmunications, large differences in earnings between women and men also exist, the report said.
breed 100 chain enterprises, and create 1,000 service outlets for residents this year, according to the project list.
Moreover, construction of the Beijing Daxing International Airport, subway lines 3, 12 a
nd 16 and interurban railways connecting Beijing and the Xiong’an New Area are also underway.
The ongoing national laboratory of cyberspace, Beijing Institute of Quantum Information Science, Science City in No
rtheast Beijing’s Huairou district will pull the city into the fast lane in science and technology.
“Investment contributes around 30 percent to the city’s eco
nomic development,” the director said, adding social capital, or capital raised by society rat
her than the government, has taken up over 90 percent of last year’s 334.6 billion construction investment.
“Social capital is welcomed at key projects investment t
his year as well, aimed at taking up at least 50 percent of projects and 70 percent of investment,” Tan said.